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Know Your Health Care Rights: 6 Tips for California Consumers During the COVID-19 Pandemic

Thu, 04/02/2020 - 10:56
Posted in:
COVID-19 Tips

Los Angeles, CA -- Consumer Watchdog released a “Know Your Rights” tip sheet today outlining 6 things consumers should know about their health care cost and access rights during the COVID-19 pandemic.

California consumers and patients should know their legal rights as COVID-19 is expected to heavily tax the resources of the health care system and may exceed capacity in some communities, potentially resulting in limitations on access to care, according to the non-profit and non-partisan Consumer Watchdog.   

The prospect of shortages of medical staff and equipment for treating those made severely ill by COVID-19 has triggered discussion of “rationing” medical care. Those suffering from other major illnesses unrelated to COVID-19 may also experience roadblocks to accessing care as the health care system is burdened with treating COVID-19patients. 

New actions taken by Governor Gavin Newsom and state regulators help to ensure continued access to medical care, and existing state and federal laws prohibit rationing measures that discriminate on the basis of a pre-existing condition or disability.

“The last thing Californians should have to worry about when they are trying to keep themselves and their families safe is whether they’ll have access to health care if they need it,” said Jerry Flanagan, Litigation Director for Consumer Watchdog. “We encourage California patients to wash their hands, respect social distancing rules, and know your health care rights!”

Consumer Watchdog provided 6 health care consumer tips to help Californians navigate the COVID-19 crisis (detailed information below): 

1. If you don’t have health insurance, it’s not too late to sign-up for coverage.

2. You can talk to a doctor without leaving your home.

3. Your health insurance plans cover COVID-19 testing with no out-of-pocket costs.

4. You can ask your health insurer to waive early medication refill limits to keep you out of the pharmacy and help you observe social distancing rules. 

5. If medically necessary testing or care is denied, you have a right to appeal.

6. A person with COVID-19 may receive treatment if they can benefit from the treatment, regardless of any pre-existing condition, disability, or age.

“These are extraordinary times, but civil rights laws still prohibit health care providers from denying or limiting treatment for coronavirus because of a person’s pre-existing health condition or disability when they would benefit from the care,” said Daniel L. Sternberg, Consumer Watchdog staff attorney. “People with pre-existing health conditions not only face greater risks due to COVID-19, but also risk greater violations of civil rights.”

The six consumer tips in detail: (Download here)

1. If you don’t have health insurance coverage, it’s not too late to sign-up for coverage for 2020. 

The deadline to enroll in coverage for 2020 has been extended through June 30 in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. Californians who have lost their job and employer-provided health insurance can also enroll in individual and family coverage, and potentially qualify for subsidize health insurance through the Covered California insurance marketplace. For more information, visit the Covered California website here: https://www.coveredca.com/

2. You can talk to a doctor without leaving your home.

In order to support the dual goals of social distancing and continued access to necessary medical care, California insurers have been ordered to support “telehealth” services by reimbursing doctors at the same rates regardless of whether a service is provided in-person or through telehealth. Telehealth technologies include videoconferencing, streaming media, and phone services. Contact your physician or medical professional for more information.

3. Your health insurance plans cover COVID-19 testing with no out-of-pocket costs.

Medically necessary testing or medical screening services ordered by a health care provider are covered by health insurance plans. Under the direction of Governor Gavin Newsom, your deductibles, co-payment, co-insurance and other “cost-sharing” out-of-pocket charges related to COVID-19 testing must be waived by health insurers. This includes waiving cost-sharing for emergency room, urgent care or provider office visits when the purpose of the visit is to be screened and tested for COVID-19.  State regulators have also made clear that health insurers cannot send “surprise,” or “balance” bills to patients related to COVID-19 testing or treatment provided by doctors who are not participating in the insurer’s network.

A small number of health insurance companies have begun to announce that they will also waive co-pays, deductibles and other out of pocket costs for consumers who need COVID-19 treatment. Consumer Watchdog warned that, as of April 2nd, no state or federal laws require COVID-19 treatment costs to be waived. Consumers are urged to check with their health insurance company for more information.

4. You can ask your health insurer to waive early medication refill limits to keep you out of the pharmacy and help you observe social distancing rules.

To ensure continued access to prescription medications while promoting social distancing during the COVID-19 pandemic, health insurers may relax refill restrictions on “maintenance” prescriptions for chronic conditions. This could include waiving refill restrictions in order to permit early refills or offering 90-day prescriptions for maintenance medication prescriptions, allowing patients to limit trips to the pharmacy. Contact your health insurer or pharmacy for more information. Your health insurer’s failure to provide this flexibility in response to your request may violate federal and state civil rights law.

5. If medically necessary testing or care is denied, you have a right to appeal.

If your health insurer denies, changes, or delays your request for medical services, denies payment for emergency treatment or refuses to cover experimental or investigational treatment for a serious medical condition, you can apply for an Independent Medical Review ("IMR") on the California Department of Managed Health Care website here:https://www.dmhc.ca.gov/FileaComplaint.aspx

The California Department of Insurance has asked that all IMR applications related to COVID-19 be sent to:[email protected]

(Note that in California, some health insurance plans are regulated by the Department of Managed Health Care and others by the Department of Insurance.) 

6. A person with COVID-19 may receive treatment if they can benefit from the treatment, regardless of any pre-existing condition, disability, or age.

People with chronic pre-existing health conditions and disabilities are more vulnerable to acquiring the virus, and they are more vulnerable to healthcare discrimination that may deny them necessary care. 

Physicians may withhold care that is deemed futile—in other words, medically ineffective. However, those patients whose condition may be treated should not be given lower priority because of a pre-existing health condition or disability.

If the current pandemic results in rationing of treatment, the federal Americans with Disabilities Act, Rehabilitation Act, and Affordable Care Act, among other state and federal laws, dictate that allocation of treatment must be made without consideration of a pre-existing health condition. The Age Discrimination Act prohibits similar forms of discrimination based on age.

For example, conditions like diabetes, depression, an intellectual disability, or a physical handicap cannot be a basis for denying care.

While the possibility of a person’s survival may receive some consideration in allocation decisions, that consideration must be based on the prospect of surviving COVID-19 and not on the basis of other disabilities.

As noted by the Office for Civil Rights at the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services in a bulletin issued on March 28, 2020: 

“… civil rights statutes … remain in effect. As such, persons with disabilities should not be denied medical care on the basis of stereotypes, assessments of quality of life, or judgments about a person’s relative ‘worth’ based on the presence or absence of disabilities. Decisions by covered entities concerning whether an individual is a candidate for treatment should be based on an individualized assessment of the patient based on the best available objective medical evidence.”

 

Consumers may contact Consumer Watchdog by filing a complaint on Consumer Watchdog’s website: http://consumerwatchdog.nationbuilder.com/submitcomplaint

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Consumer Watchdog is a non-partisan and non-profit public interest organization.  For more information, visit us on the web at: www.ConsumerWatchdog.org