Consumer Watchdog Says Sweeping Online Data Protection In Europe Could Benefit U.S. Consumers
BRUSSELS, Belgium -- Landmark online privacy regulations proposed in Europe today that include the concept of a "right to be forgotten" could help provide U.S. consumers with tools necessary to protect their data held by Internet giants like Google, Facebook and Microsoft, if ultimately enacted, Consumer Watchdog said today.
Google's latest unilateral action combining data from all its services shows why we need protections like those proposed in the European Union, Consumer Watchdog said. Google can change its policies at will and create a digital dossier of all our info overnight that we cannot delete.
The improved European safeguards will not come automatically and U.S. Internet companies are likely to mount an intensive campaign to weaken them before they are fully implemented, Consumer Watchdog warned.
"In today's digitally driven, globally connected markets, the final European rules will have substantial impact in the United States," predicted Simpson. "That's because the global internet giants -- Google, Facebook and Microsoft -- will have to follow Europe's rules. It will be cost effective for them to use the same procedures and protections around the world. Americans are likely to receive the same level of protection in many areas as Europeans."
The proposed changes in the European Data Directive underscore the difference in the way privacy is viewed in the US as a consumer protection issue, compared to Europe, where privacy is a basic human right, Consumer Watchdog said.
"Once Google and Facebook are following European rules, there will be no way for the companies to justify the obviously inadequate protection in the U.S.," said Simpson. "That's why we're actively supporting the Europeans."
Consumer Watchdog warned that it could take as long as two years to get the proposed date regulations implemented and businesses have already started lobbying to weaken them.
"You can expect a tremendous effort by the corporate titans to water down the new regulations," said Simpson. "Last year Google spent a record $9.7 million on lobbying to get what its executives want from Washington. You can expect similar boatloads of money flooding Brussels, Belgium, where the European Commission is located, as the proposed data directive moves forward."
The European Commission proposed these key changes in the data protection law that went into effect in 1995 when only 1 percent of Europeans were on the Internet:
---A ‘right to be forgotten’ will help people better manage data protection risks online: people will be able to delete their data if there are no legitimate grounds for retaining it.
---Companies and organisations must notify the national supervisory authority of serious data breaches as soon as possible (if feasible within 24 hours).
---Wherever consent is required for data to be processed, it is clarified that it has to be given explicitly, rather than assumed.
--- People will have easier access to their own data and be able to transfer personal data from one service provider to another more easily (right to data portability). This will improve competition among services.
--- EU rules must apply if personal data is handled abroad by companies that are active in the EU market and offer their services to EU citizens.
Simpson is in Brussels representing Consumer Watchdog as an Invited Expert taking part in the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) Tracking Protection Working Group. The organization is an international group that sets standards and protocols for the Internet. The Tracking Protection Working Group is seeking to create standards for an online Do Not Track mechanism.
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